MELIDE, A CORUÑA

History full of events

Emblematic monuments such as our Cruceiro (considered the oldest in Galicia), or the Menhir del Casal (one of the largest preserved in Galicia).

The town of Melide stands out for the elaboration of artisan sweets with a deep tradition:  Ricos, Melindres and Almendrados, three sweets made by hand with natural products.

-The photos of Melide were provided by Abeancos.gal and Turismo Melide.
-The texts and documentation were provided by the Museum of Terra de Melide.

Vista Catelo en Melide, A Coruña

Old part of Town

The configuration of the Casco or “Burgo vello” of Melide responds to a medieval layout, of a town structured around a long main street, between the “Castelo” and the old Parish Church of San Pedro (now destroyed).

This old and historic street acted as the backbone of Melide in the late medieval and Modern Age centuries, which is why the main public buildings, collected in documentary sources, were located on it: Casa das Balanças where weights and measures were regulated, Casa de la Sal or Alfolí, Casa del Estanco del Vino, Casa del Pichel Verde (which could be a tavern, wine store or workshop to make pitchers or measures to take out the wine), Casa da Carnecería where meat was dispatched, Casa de Romay y Mesón in which the sculptor Francisco de Castro Canseco had his workshop, the Mesón Grande and a Cassa del Templo (owned by the Order of the Temple), in addition to the old San Pedro Hospital, documented in 1205.

During the Middle Ages, the town was surrounded by a stone fence in which six doors opened, none of these elements being preserved today, only the configuration of the streets, some of them narrow and intricate as is typical of the old center of town with medieval origin.

What is Melide?

Iglesia convento santispiritus en Melide, A Coruña
PARISH CHURCH OF MELIDE/OLD CONVENT OF SANCTI SPÍRITUS

This monumental church is the only remaining vestige of the former Convent of Sancti Spiritus of the Franciscan Third Order. The Chapel of Santo Cristo (14th century), the Main Chapel (15th century) stands out; Baroque altarpiece by Francisco de Castro Canseco (17th century); nave, tower, lateral altarpieces and organ (18th century). It is currently the parish church of Melide since 1842.

Obra pia sanatorio y ayuntamiento de Melide
THE WORK OF PIA SAN ANTON

A 17th century building ordered to be built by Archbishop Don Mateo Segade Bugueiro as Obra Pía or charitable institution (school for teaching poor children). The design of the work is attributed to Domingo de Andrade. The Chapel of San Antón, open to worship and the facade of the manor house, where the Melide town hall is currently located, are preserved.

Vista Catelo en Melide, A Coruña
THE CASTELO

Built in the 14th century on an old Iron Age settlement, it was destroyed in the Irmandiña Revolution in the 15th century. It was the main fortress of the Mitra Compostela. Currently nothing of the old fortification is preserved, even so the area where it was located, currently a park where the Capilla del Carmen (18th century) and the municipal cemetery are located, retains the name of O Castelo.

Capilla del Carmen en Melide
THE CHAPEL OF EL CARMEN

It is located at the highest point of the town of Melide, in the area known as O Castelo.

The temple represents a characteristic example of Baroque architecture in the Compostela style, from the middle of the 18th century. Above the door there is a broken triangular pediment, in the center of which you can see the stone image of the Virgen del Carmen with the Child in her arms, and at her feet there is an image of San Simón kneeling. Inside, the Baroque-style altarpiece stands out.

Crucero más antiguo de Melide
CRUCEIRO OF MELIDE

Considered by Castelao to be the oldest stone cross in Galicia, which gives it special relevance. It can be dated to the 14th century. The cross represents Christ in majesty resurrected on the obverse (with representation patterns typical of the Romanesque). And on the reverse there is a Calvary already in the Gothic style.

Turismo en A Coruña
THE PORTIC OF THE CHAPEL DE SAN ROQUE

Cover dated in the thirteenth century. This is the old north portal of the now defunct parish church of San Pedro de Melide. It is a magnificent example of late Romanesque architecture and sculpture on the Camino de Santiago. Highlights include the cyma on the left where a dragon is represented and one of the zigzag archivolts where scallop shells can be seen.

Fuente Melide
THE FOUNTAIN OF THE FOUR SPOUTS

Baroque style, it may come from one of the cloisters of the Sobrado dos Monxes Monastery. It consists of a large pylon and four large pipes (hence its name), the latter being notable for the water coming out of lions’ heads.

What to see in the outskirts?

Puente Furelos en Melide, A Coruña
THE BRIDGE OF FURELOS: 800m

Located in the village of the same name, it is already mentioned in the 12th century Codex Calixtinus. It is made up of four unequal semicircular arches.

Located next to the parish church of San Xoán de Furelos, which also preserves some Romanesque elements from the 13th century. The village of Furelos is a nucleus with a high architectural interest.

Iglesia Leboreiro en Malide
LEBOREIRO CHURCH: 5.50 KILOMETERS

Dated at the end of the 13th century, in a transition style from Romanesque to Gothic. Outside, an Agnus Dei stands out on the headwall as well as the figured corbels of the apse. Inside there is a panel with mural painting from the 16th century. The village of Leboreiro and all its heritage (cruceiro, church, «cabaceiro», old Pilgrim’s Hospital, bridge and medieval houses), constitute an architectural complex of maximum interest.

Puente Lobreiro en Melide, A Coruña
THE BRIDGE OF LEBOREIRO: 5.75 KILOMETERS

Of medieval origin located on the Seco River (tributary of the Ulla). It has a single semicircular arch. This bridge is located on the itinerary of the French Way.

Iglesia Moldes en Melide, A Coruña
THE CHURCH OF MOLDES: 3.80 KILOMETERS

It is a very interesting Romanesque church that underwent unfortunate renovations in the 19th century. It preserves interesting Romanesque elements attributed to the master Pelagio (dated around the year 1190). It also conserves two Romanesque doors. An interesting zoomorphic compendium (bestiary with representation of real and fantastic animals) appears on the main door.

Iglesia de Santa Maria en Melide
THE CHURCH OF SANTA MARÍA OF MELIDE: 1 KILOMETER AWAY

A superb example of religious architecture from the 12th century, declared a National Monument for its artistic importance. Outside, the decoration of the apse and the two entrance doors, especially the west one, are of great interest. Inside, the important set of mural paintings from the 16th century in the Main Chapel stands out, as well as the Romanesque stone altar table, also polychromed in the 16th century. In the Plaza de Santa María there is a stone cross from s. XVII.

Menhir en Melide, A Coruña
THE CASAL OF MENHIR: 3.80 KILOMETERS

Possibly dated to the Neolithic. It is probably one of the largest menhirs in Galicia. It has the shape of an elongated almond, with symmetrical faces and a pointed vertex. It reaches an estimated height of about 5 m., of which 3.30 m. are visible, the lower part being buried.

Iglesia Vitiriz en Melide, A Coruña
THE VITIRIZ CHURCH: 5.15 KILOMETERS

Dated to the end of the 13th century and the beginning of the 14th. The Virgin of Rocamador is venerated in it. A total of forty-four corbels with geometric, floral, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic decoration stand out on the eaves of the north and south sides. The highlight of the complex is a magnificent rose window located in the front of the nave, profusely decorated.

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